definition: stampa


identification: OLIMPO
: Olympus (Surprise)
title: Sorpresa


New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Department of Drawings and Prints


data uscita: 1939


sec. XVI, secondo quarto
1540 ca. - 1549 ca.



Niccolò Vicentino, 1510 ca./ post 1566 (bottega)


xilografia; chiaroscuro; mm 272 x 188 ca.
medium material: carta








Chiaroscuro woodcut from 3 blocks, blue/dark blue/black (state iii/vi)

state i/vi: horizontal line in the mid-tone block above the uppermost highlight in the swell of Olympus's drapery (MMA 33.13(16): olive/brown-olive/black [vedrigris])
state ii/vi: horizontal line removed from mid-tone block
state iii/vi: oval frame in
the darkest block is interrupted in its right half (this impression)
state iv/vi: mid-tone block along the lower right edge of the oval composition; darkest block along the oval frame removed (MMA 1983.1195: mustard/brown/black)
state v/vi (issued by Andreani): losses in mid-block oval frame plugged (Achenbach 1968.13.2)
state vi/vi (issued by Andreani): “AA” cut in the light tone block in the lower left corner (BM 1874,0808.208)

See comment in ALU.1000.1

Other impressions issued by the Vicentino Workshop:

-MFA 64.1130: orange-lime/green/black (state iii/vi) https://collections.mfa.org/objects/167945/surprise
-BNF Réserve EA 39: red/medium red/black
-BnF BD 51: light blue/blue/black
-Harvard G7487: olive/brown-olive/black https://hvrd.art/o/273156
-MMA 33.13(16): olive/brown-olive/black https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/632809
-MMA 1983.1195: mustard/brown/black https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/632805
-PMA 1985-52-206 (possibly state ii/vi?) https://www.philamuseum.org/collections/permanent/30033.html?mulR=969577564|1
-BM 1874,0808.207: lime/green/black https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/P_1874-0808-207
-BM 1860,0414.117: red/medium red/black (state iv/vi) https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/P_1860-0414-117
-Albertina DG2002/541: lime/green/black (state iii/vi) https://sammlungenonline.albertina.at/m?queryid=28301387-3d74-452e-bda8-abd7ff2c1886
-Albertina DG 2002/539: light brown/brown/black (state iv/vi) https://sammlungenonline.albertina.at/m?queryid=4ce2cdca-9447-4b66-9791-0903f8d6ae51
-Baselitz (Gnann 2013, no. 50): orange-lime/green/black (state iii/vi)
-Fondation Custodia inv 2958c: light red/red/black (state ii/vi)
-Berlin 580-1895: red/medium red/black

Impressions issued by the Ladder in a Shield Printer in brown/medium brown/dark brown/black (state iv/vi):

-Achenbach 2011.69.3 https://art.famsf.org/ugo-da-carpi/surprise-2011693
-MFA P1699 https://collections.mfa.org/objects/109735/surprise
-Munich 12146
-V&A E.293-1890
-BnF BD 5A


type of material: fotografia digitale
ente proprietario: New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art ©


Bartsch A., Le peintre graveur, Vienne, 1803-1821, v. XII, p. 146, n. 10


Oberhuber K., Parmigianino und sein Kreis: Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik aus eigenem Besitz, Wien, 1963, p. 41, n. 94
Wiles B.H., "Two Parmigianino drawings from the Aeneid", Museum studies. The Art Institute of Chicago, 1966, pp. 96-111, pp. 96–100
Popham A.E., Catalogue of the drawings of Parmigianino, New Haven, 1971, v. 1, p. 124, n. 319, v. 2, tav. 131
Wyss E., The myth of Apollo and Marsyas in the art of the Italian Renaissance. An inquiry into the meaning of images, Newark, 1996, pp. 100–108
Bambach C./ Chapman H./ Clayton M., Correggio and Parmigianino master draughtsmen of the Renaissance, London, 2000, p. 123, n. 78 (Bambach C.)
Galassi M., "Visual Evidence for the Use of Carta Lucida in the Italian Renaissance Workshop", The Renaissance Workshop. The Materials and Techniques of Renaissance Art, London, 2013, pp. 130-137, pp. 130-137
Gnann A., In Farbe! Clair-obscur-Holzschnitte der Renaissance - Meisterwerke aus der Sammlung Georg Baselitz und der Albertina in Wien, Monaco, 2013, p. 132, n. 50
Stiber Morenus L., "The chiaroscuro woodcut printmaking of Ugo da Carpi, Antonio da Trento and Niccolò Vicentino: technique in relation to artistic style", Printing colour 1400 - 1700, Leiden, 2015, 123-139, pp. 134–135, tav. 11.1
Johnson J., "Linking chiaroscuro woodcuts through physical features", Myth, Allegory and Faith. The Kirk Edward Long Collection of Mannerist Prints, Cinisello Balsamo, 2015, pp. 137-159, pp. 153–156
Jenkins C., Prints at the court of Fontainebleau, c. 1542-47, Ouderkerk aan den IJssel, 2017, v. 1, pp. 72-74
Takahatake N., The Chiaroscuro Woodcut in Renaissance Italy, Los Angeles, 2018, pp. 136-139 (Takahatake N.), fig. 47 


Chiaroscuro Woodcut in Renaissance Italy Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA., June - September 2018 National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., October 2018 - January 2019, 2018-2019


Takahatake N., 2020
Takahatake N., Atlante delle xilografie italiane del Rinascimento, ALU.1001.1,;JSESSIONID_OPAC_CINI=B961F2023480CC9BD1B816470006A7AF.html